Roles of a Medical Nurse

Nurses play vital roles in healthcare and serve their communities in a variety of ways. Nurses encourage healthy lifestyles, advocate for patients, provide health education, and provide direct care to a large number of patients. Nurses’ specific roles have evolved over time, but their importance in healthcare remains undeniable.

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Nurses’ roles have evolved from being comforters to modern healthcare professionals who provide evidence-based treatment and wellness education since the advent of modern medicine. Nurses play many roles, including holistic caregivers, patient advocates, specialists, and researchers. Find out more on universiti pembantu perubatan here.


Patient care

  • A nurse’s primary role is to care for patients by managing physical needs, preventing illness, and treating health conditions. Nurses must observe and monitor the patient while also documenting any relevant information to aid in treatment decision-making processes.
  • Nurses treat injuries, administer medications, perform frequent medical examinations, document detailed medical histories, monitor heart rate and blood pressure, perform diagnostic tests, operate medical equipment, draw blood, and admit/discharge patients as directed by physicians. Nurses also provide comfort to patients, change bandages, report changes in a patient’s condition to other nurses or doctors, document patient activities, and perform other related tasks.
  • Nurses are frequently required to pay close attention to every detail of a patient’s treatment and how they respond. If a problem is identified, nurses are often the first to notice it; thus, they must be able to quickly report a problem to a physician, especially in an emergency.
  • Throughout the treatment process, the nurse monitors the patient’s progress and acts in the best interests of the patient. A nurse’s care goes beyond the administration of medications and other therapies. Nurses are frequently in charge of patients’ holistic care, which may include the individual’s psychosocial, cultural, and spiritual needs.

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Planning of care

  • A nurse is directly involved in the treatment of patients decision-making process. As a result, it is critical for nurses to think critically when assessing patient signs and identifying potential problems in order to make appropriate recommendations.
  • Although final treatment decisions are typically made by clinicians such as physicians, physician associates, and nurse practitioners, nurses also play an important role in patient treatment plans. This is because nurses are typically the most familiar with the individual patient, as they continuously monitor their signs and symptoms. As a result, nurses should collaborate with other members of the medical team to promote optimal patient health outcomes.

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Patient education and support

  • Nurses must also ensure that patients fully understand their health, illnesses, medications, and treatments. This is especially important when patients are discharged from the hospital and must continue their treatments at home.
  • A nurse should spend time explaining to the patient and their family or caregiver what they should do and expect when they leave the hospital or medical clinic. Nurses should also make sure the patient feels supported and knows where to go for additional information if it is required.
  • Nurses provide education, promote healthy practises, share their expertise, and assist patients in healing in all aspects of healthcare. Nurses can provide appropriate referrals for other services, resources, and classes by guiding patients and their families.

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